Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (9): 1809-1822.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201809015

• Climate Change and Ecological Environment • Previous Articles    

Optimizing spatial patterns of water conservation ecosystem service based on Bayesian belief networks

ZENG Li1(),LI Jing1(),LI Ting1,YANG Xiaonan2,WANG Yanze1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Tourism, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    2. Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2017-06-16 Online:2018-09-25 Published:2018-09-19


This study, taking the Weihe River Basin in the Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Region of China as a case, establishes a water conservation ecosystem service network model. Based on Bayesian belief networks, the model forecasts the distribution probability of water conservation ecosystem services projected under different land-use scenarios for the year 2050 with a CA-Marcov model. A key variable subset method is proposed to optimize the spatial pattern of the water conservation ecosystem service. There were three key study findings. First, under the protection scenario, the area of woodland increased by 18.12%, mainly from the conversion of cultivated land. The grassland and cities increased by 0.73% and 0.38%, respectively. The water and unused land were reduced by 5.08% and 0.92%, respectively. The probability of high water conservation value under this scenario is the largest in the three scenarios, and the design of protection scenario is conducive to the formulation of future land use policies. Second, the key factors influencing water conservation ecosystem service include precipitation, evapotranspiration and land use. The state set corresponding to the highest state of water conservation ecosystem service is {precipitation = Highest, evapotranspiration = High, land use = High}, mainly distributed in areas with high annual average rainfall and evapotranspiration and high vegetation coverage. Third, the regions suitable for optimizing water conservation ecosystem service are mainly distributed in the southern part of Maiji District in Tianshui, southwest of Longxian and south of Weibin District in Baoji, northeast of Xunyi County and northwest of Yongshou County in Xianyang, and west of Yaozhou District in Tongchuan. Identifying the optimization regions of water conservation ecosystem service based on Bayesian belief networks, not only helps to develop a better understanding of the water conservation ecosystem services processes, but also increases the rationality of the scenario design and pattern optimization. On this basis, the key variable subset method is crucial to sound eco-environment construction and policy formulation in the study area.

Key words: water conservation, ecosystem services, Bayesian belief networks, scenario analysis, spatial pattern optimization