Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (8): 1540-1555.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201808011

• Transportation and Tourism Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Quantitative measurement and development evaluation of logistics clusters in China

LIU Sijing1(),LI Guoqi2(),JIN Fengjun2   

  1. 1. School of Transportation & Logistics, Southwest Jiaotong University, National United Engineering Laboratory of Integrated and Intelligent Transportation, Chengdu 610031, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-10-31 Online:2018-08-15 Published:2018-07-31
  • Supported by:
    National Science Foundation of China, No.41501123, No.71603219


The logistics clusters are the result of concentration, scale and specialization of logistics activities, and their quantitative measurement and development evaluation provide an important foundation for improving the land use efficiency and achieving economies of scale. Taking 289 cities at prefecture-level and above as research objects, this paper collected macro statistics data of transport, postal and warehousing industry during 2000-2014, more than 290 thousand registered logistics enterprises and 170 thousand points of interest (POI) of logistics. The evolution process and spatial pattern of logistics clusters in China are explored with the methods of Location Quotient (LQ), Horizontal Cluster Location Quotient (HCLQ), Logistics Employment Density(LED) and modified Logistics Establishments' Participation (LEP). The development level, type and development mode of different types of logistics clusters are quantified. Several important findings are derived from the study. (1) The logistics clusters are mainly located on the east side of the Hu Huanyong Line, and the accumulative pattern evolves from group to block structure, which features wide coverage and high concentration. The evolution of logistics clusters has experienced two stages of fast degradation and stable change. The development degree and efficiency of logistics clusters gradually increases. (2) 21 mature logistics clusters are distributed in the core and sub-cities of the main metropolitan areas of 16 provincial-level administrative zones, conforming to the government logistics and transport planning. 43 emerging logistics clusters are distributed in 21 provincial administrative zones, and different types of cities have huge disparities which highlight the differentiation of the market behaviors and government planning among them. (3) The logistics cluster presents a differentiated development mode with the change of scales. In urban agglomeration scale, the nested "center-periphery" structures with "main nucleus-secondary cores-general nodes" are clarified. The polar nuclear development, networked and balanced development, single core and multipoint, multi-core multipoint development patterns are formed in different provincial administrative zones.

Key words: logistics cluster, agglomeration, spatial pattern, comprehensive integration, multi-scale