Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (6): 1149-1161.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201806012

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Spatial relationship between high-speed transport superiority degree and land-use efficiency in Shandong Peninsula urban agglomeration

CUI Xuegang1,2(),FANG Chuanglin1(),ZHANG Qiang1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-07-21 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-06-04
  • Supported by:
    Major Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41590840, No.41590842


Generally, the land-use efficiency is low in the urban agglomerations of China. The high-speed transport construction has been an important factor during the land use change. As a result, it is critical to explore the spatial relationship between high-speed transport superiority degree and land-use efficiency. Taking the 42 counties of Shandong Peninsula urban agglomeration as an example, we build an evaluation model of high-speed transport superiority degree, which is constructed based on the relative density of the highway and the distance from the high-speed rail station and the airport. The land-use efficiency is then calculated by DEA model with capital, labor, economic benefits and environmental benefits as input and output factors. By exploring the spatial relationship between high-speed transport superiority degree and land-use efficiency, we obtain the following results: (1) There is a significant spatial difference in the relationship between the high-speed transport superiority degree and land-use efficiency. Taking the two major hub cities of Jinan and Qingdao as the center, the core circle counties (also including Qingzhou and Weihai sub-hubs) present a significant spatial coordination between their land-use efficiency and high-speed transport superiority degree. With the increase of distance from the hub cities, the spatial coordination is declining. Among them, the land-use efficiency is lower than the high-speed transport superiority degree in the areas along the traffic trunks, which are also away from the hub cities. Meanwhile, the coordination is at a low level in the areas away from hub cities and traffic trunks; (2) Due to mechanism of element agglomeration and endogenous growth, the diversity of high-speed transport has a positive relationship with land-use efficiency; (3) According to the hub effect, high-speed transport facilitates flows of elements and technologies between the core cities and peripheral cites in the form of space spillover. This reconstructs the spatial pattern of regional land-use efficiency; (4) With the help of the balanced layout of expressway, the Shandong Peninsula urban agglomeration can get rid of short board effect caused by less high-speed transport construction. Moreover, owing to the proper node layout of high-speed rail station and airport, land-use efficiency presents not only a well-balanced macro-spatial pattern but also a clustered and linear micro-spatial pattern.

Key words: high-speed transport superiority degree, DEA, land-use efficiency, spatial relationship, Shandong Peninsula urban agglomeration