Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (12): 2179-2198.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201712005

• Regional Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Evolution of economic efficiency and its influencing factors in the industrial structure changes in China

Ruzi LI1,2(), Yaobin LIU1,2(), Dejin XIE2   

  1. 1. Research Center of Central China Economic and Social Development, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
  • Received:2016-12-06 Revised:2017-05-31 Online:2017-12-25 Published:2017-12-26
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China, No.16CJL053


The process of modern economic growth shows a close relationship between the industrial structure changes and the evolution of economic efficiency, which is specifically reflected in the stages and heterogeneity of regional development. This paper employs the DEA-BCC model and the Malmquist productivity index to analyze the static efficiency and the TFP changes of three industries at sectional and regional levels. Then, based on the DEA-Tobit two-stage analyzing framework, this paper establishes a panel data model to analyze the factors affecting the economic efficiency of three industries. The results show that, three industries are equipped with certain static scale efficiencies, but they still need to be optimized. The TFP of three industries have all improved from 1978 to 2014, but their contributions to the economic growth of three industries show a decreasing sequence, featured by apparent extension. The technical progress has significantly propelled the TFP growth, and the technical efficiency improvements have gradually shifted from pure technical efficiency to scale efficiency. The TFP changes can be divided into four stages. The dividends of institution, structure, factors and policies have all contributed to the TFP growth, while during the industrial structure adjustment stage, the institutional and structural dividends give way to the technical progress. Three industrial TFP changes present obvious regional differences. In general, Eastern China has comparative advantages, while Central China becomes the "concave area", and the TFP changes of the secondary and tertiary industries in Northeast China reflect serious issues of the structural transformation and upgrading. Due to the differences of the internal development laws of different industries, the factors influencing the economic efficiency show the relatively regional consistency and the sectional differences. The primary and tertiary industries changing effect, the non-agricultural level, the opening degree and the human resource endowment have significant positive effects on the economic efficiency of the primary, and the opening degree largely promotes the economic efficiency of the secondary industry, while the opening degree, the human resources endowment have significant negative impacts on the economic efficiency of the tertiary industry. Finally, this paper concludes with suggestions to the future policy-making.

Key words: industrial structure changes, economic efficiency, stages, heterogeneity, affecting factors, DEA-Tobit panel model, China