Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (11): 1923-1932.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201711001

• Theoretical Frontier •     Next Articles

Geography: From knowledge, science to decision making support

Bojie FU1,2()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
  • Received:2017-09-19 Revised:2017-10-12 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-11-16
  • Supported by:
    [National Key Research and Development Program of China, No.2017YFA0604700]


Geography is a subject to explore spatial distribution, time evolution and regional characteristics of geographical elements or geographical complexes. Geography is unique in bridging social sciences and natural sciences, and has characteristics of comprehensiveness, interdisciplinary research and regionalism. With the development of geographical science technology and research methods, geography is in the gorgeous historical process towards geographical science. Research themes of geography are focusing on the comprehensive research on the earth surface. The research paradigms of geography are shifting from geography knowledge description, coupling pattern and process, to the simulation and prediction of complex human and earth system. The development of Chinese geography needs to be rooted in the major needs of national strategy, and plays important roles in the studies of urbanization development, coupling ecological processes and services, water resources management and geopolitics. Under the country's major needs, China's geography tends to achieve the geography theory innovation, new method and technology application and developed disciplinary system with Chinese characteristics, and make more contribution to national and global sustainable development.

Key words: geography, sustainable development, comprehensiveness, paradigm, human and earth system