Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (12): 2103-2119.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201612003

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Implementation methods and economic impacts ofnational node strategies

Yuanjing QI1,2(), Fengjun JIN3, Tao LIU4, Jingjuan JIAO5   

  1. 1. School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    2. Engineering Technology Research Center of Forestry Ecological Engineering, Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    4. Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    5. Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
  • Received:2016-06-23 Revised:2016-10-13 Online:2016-12-25 Published:2016-12-26
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41401121,The New Teachers' Scientific Research Program funded by Beijing Forestry University, No.BLX2013028

Abstract:

Pilot reforms gradually implemented through key nodes have become an important pattern of regional development in China since the introduction of its reform and opening up policy in 1978. On the basis of an analysis of the evolution processes and characteristics of regional development policies in China since the launch of the reform and opening up policy, this paper develops the concept and analytical framework of national node strategies (NNS), defined as regional development strategies centered on important nodes, by addressing their theoretical basis and research scope, before exploring quantitatively their regional economic impacts through the examples of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, Pudong New Area, and Binhai New Area from different stages of the reform and opening up drive. The results indicate that the evolution of China's regional development policies can be divided into three stages, namely the exploration stage led by Special Economic Zones, the expansion stage dominated by Economic Development Zones, and the optimization stage featuring New State-level New Areas and National Comprehensive Reform Pilot Areas. During all the three stages, NNS have played an important demonstrative and leading role and promoted the rapid evolution of China's regional development policies from localized trails to widespread implementation, and the role of the government has also changed accordingly. As an innovative application and development of growth pole theory for a transitional period in China, NNS have become "engines" of regional development as well as important conduits of institutional innovations. NNS and regional development have achieved a benign coupling and formed a gradated regional development model. Empirical research indicates that NNS are an important method of the government for guiding and regulating regional economic development, with complex and diverse economic effects that differ depending on their stage and scale.

Key words: regional development policy, national node strategy, policy growth pole, economic impact