Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (6): 1045-1058.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201606011

• Tourism Geography • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial features of preference difference and conflict potential among multi-groups in tourism community: A case of Tangyu town in Xi'an

Yujie CHU(), Zhenbin ZHAO(), Cheng ZHANG, Cheng CHEN, Yao CHEN   

  1. College of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2015-07-22 Revised:2015-12-06 Online:2016-06-30 Published:2016-06-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171126, No.41571174

Abstract:

With the rapid development of rural tourism, local communities have become the places where multi-groups compete and conflict with each other. The differences in preference to tourism development among multi-groups have become a key indicator of conflicts in these communities. Taking Tangyu town as a case, this study employed participatory mapping, which is an important tool of the public participation geographic information system (PPGIS), and semi-structure interview to investigate the landscape values and preferences for tourism development from local residents, tourists and vacation homeowners. Finally we obtained 315 sets of questionnaires, interviews and mappings, which totally generated 5518 geo-spatial points. Based on Brown's land use conflict model, this study combined preference differences and landscape values with geo-spatial analysis to explore the spatial features of differences of different preferences and potential conflicts held by multi-groups. Results indicated that: (1) Preferences toward tourism development and their difference were characterized by obvious location differentiation, and were related to different groups' spatial perception of landscape values. The spatial distribution of conflicts potential associated with tourism development in Tangyu was uneven, but presented a patch structure. The areas with high values of conflict potential were mainly distributed across core areas of tourism development, and the values decreased gradually from the core areas to the peripheral areas. (2) The formation of potential conflict sites was not only impacted by the traditional factors, but also by the spatial factors. The tourism development stages of local community, the involvement degree of those related groups, the spatial structure of tourism development elements and the spatial perception of landscape values, jointly contributed to the formation of conflict sites. (3) The combination of participatory mapping and in-depth interview provided a new method to better understand the spatial features of preferences and conflicts potential associated with tourism development.

Key words: participatory mapping, preference difference, landscape value, conflict potential, Tangyu town, Xi'an