Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (4): 551-563.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201604002

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Research progress of international geopolitics, 1996-2015

SONG Tao1,2, LU Dadao1,2, LIANG Yi1,3, WANG Qian1,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development,Kunming 650500, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-04-05 Published:2020-05-22
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41530634, No.41530751; Foundation of Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development; Key Consulting Project of the Chinese Academy of Science and Technology Strategic Consulting, No.Y02015001]

Abstract: Geopolitics, which conducts research on the international relations in view of geographies, exerts powerful influences on the course of conomic and political development in the world. In the tide of globalization and information technology, the geopolitics has become an important ubject of global pattern interpretation and policy making. It is important to have a scientific and systematic review on latest development of nternational geopolitics for promoting the development of this discipline. Based on the bibliometric statistics, the paper reviews the research development of geopolitics based on data from the Web of Science during 1996-2015. The history, journals, papers and key research areas of geopolitics are revealed in this paper. By the analysis of bibliometric statistics, we found that the number of papers recently published in the journals of political geography and related geography continues to increase. The key areas of geopolitical papers which are global highly cited include geopolitical interpretation of the countries and the borders, critical geopolitics, emotional eopolitics, feminism geopolitics and other topics. Before 2000, the states and the borders are hot topics of the geopolitical research. Since 2000, it is of great significance that the geopolitics should be placed in the context of geographical implications. At the same time, critical geopolitics tends to be the main area of geopolitical research, especially the shifts from traditional geopolitics to the humanism (such as emotional geopolitics, feminism geopolitics). The paper then systematically reviews the branch trends of geopolitical research, including the borders and the territory, global geo- culture and geo- economics, Chinese models of geopolitics, resource conflicts and ecological politics, emotional geopolitics. Finally, it puts forward that Chinese geopolitical studies should reinforce the importance of geographical space and scale, use the process of description and multiple methods, as well as integrate humanistic thoughts, to further enrich the theories and practices of geopolitical research.

Key words: geopolitics, discipline development, scientometrics, international research progress