Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (12): 1884-1896.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201512003

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Strategy transformation regionalization for the agricultural comprehensive development in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China

Wenjiao SHI1(), Yunfeng HU1, Xiaoli SHI2,3, Zong WANG1,4, Huimin YAN1, Bo REN1, Wenhui KUANG1, Xinliang XU1, Yan CHEN5, Dongbo WU5, Ziwei XU6   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. College of Resources and Environment Sciences, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    3. Key Laboratory of Environmental Evolvement and Ecological Construction of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    4. School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
    5. Ningxia Agricultural Comprehensive Development Office, Yinchuan 750011, China
    6. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2015-05-04 Revised:2015-09-06 Online:2015-12-25 Published:2016-01-05

Abstract:

Strategy transformation regionalization for the agricultural comprehensive development (ACD) was presented by Ministry of Finance of the People's Republic of China (MOF) in 2014. It is the premise and basis of the adaptation to the requirement of insisting sustainable development and improving competitive power in the new situation of agriculture. Based on the environment factors related to agriculture, like cropland, climate, water resource, terrain, geomorphology, project pattern, ecology, etc., we built 13 indices using the geographic comprehensive regionalization method. The indices are considered in the combination of dynamic and static, qualitative and quantitative, as well as agricultural and ecological factors. Also, the reasonable and operable technique flow was presented for the regionalization. Finally, this paper gave the strategy transformation regionalization for ACD in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of China. The regionalization included seven types (prioritized, protective, restricted regions and four transitional types including prioritized and restricted, protective and restricted region, restricted and prioritized, restricted and protective regions) and 24 subtypes. The regionalization results showed that prioritized regions are mainly in the northern Ningxia, which is the best region for agriculture. The protective and restricted regions are in the central and southern Ningxia. In the central Ningxia, drought is the limiting factor for agriculture, and water saving projects should be supported. The ecological environment is fragile in the southern Ningxia, so the ecological agriculture should be applied. This regionalization was presented for two goals: agricultural conservation and eco-environmental protection. This research is the requirement of scientific regionalization including three types of regions (prioritized, protective, restricted regions) presented by the MOF, and it is also applied at the town scale in the provincial or autonomous region for the first time. This study can be an important basis for the overall layout of the strategy transformation for the ACD. It not only presents the foundation of the application of the strategy transformation for the ACD in Ningxia, but also gives the reference to other provinces for the regionalization of the ACD.

Key words: agricultural comprehensive development (ACD), Ningxia, regionalization, sustainable development, indices