Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (10): 1552-1565.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201510002

• Regional and Industrial Development • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on evolution and dynamic mechanism of Tianjin Pilot Free Trade Zone

Guangwen MENG1(), Hongling WANG1,2, Shuang YANG1   

  1. 1.College of Urban and Environmental Science, Institute of Free Economic Zone, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
    2.The Affiliated High School of Beijing Normal University, Tianjin 300222, China
  • Received:2014-12-15 Revised:2015-05-18 Online:2015-10-20 Published:2015-11-13
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41171102, No.413101012, No.41571114

Abstract:

In recent years, the Free Economic Zones (FEZs), as a product of economic globalization and regional economic integration, have become the growth poles of economic development in developing countries, the motivations of urbanization and a significant stage for the reforms of related institutions. In China, there is an urgent need to construct free trade zones in order to meet the new challenges of globalization and international trade structure, to strengthen the reform motivation, and to carry out the national strategies of One Belt and One Road and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration. At present, some experts and scholars scrutinize the rules and factors contributing to FEZs' development based on the qualitative analysis. However, they are still confronted with less research on evolution law in FEZs on account of quantitative research methods. Therefore, this paper applies methodologies such as interview, and questionnaire to collect data based on domestic and overseas theories and case studies about FEZs. It also adopts the analysis of hierarchy process and fuzzy evaluation method, selects seven elements: policies, markets, environments, industries, inputs, benefits and innovativeness, and establishes the index system and evaluation model of FEZs' development evolution mechanism. Finally, with the aid of the model and combined with the actual situation of Tianjin Binhai New Area, the paper analyzes the main driving forces of Tianjin Pilot Free Trade Zone's development dynamic mechanism. This study is an asset to the transformation and development of the FEZs in China as well as further theoretical research in the future.

Key words: Free Economic Zone, Free Trade Zone, dynamic mechanism, fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, Tianjin Binhai New Area