Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (8): 1327-1338.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201508011

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial and temporal differences and convergence of China's main economic zones

Hualin XIE1(), Wei WANG1, Guanrong YAO1, Zhifei LIU2   

  1. 1. Institute of Poyang Lake Eco-economics, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
    2. School of Economics and Management of Jiangxi Agricultural University, Nanchang 330045, China
  • Received:2014-08-26 Revised:2015-01-28 Online:2015-08-20 Published:2015-08-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41361111;Fok Ying Tung Foundation, No.141084;Social Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province, No.13GL05;Technology Foundation of Jiangxi Education Department, No.KJLD14033, No.GJJ14346


Based on SBM model, this paper first analyzes the spatial differences of urban industrial land use efficiency in the six main economic zones of China. Then it analyzes the dynamic variation in total factor productivity (TFP) of urban industrial land by using Malmquist index, and examine the convergence of urban industrial land. The results show that the Pearl River Delta Region and Yangtze River Delta Region have higher urban industrial land-use efficiency and show downward trends in TFP, while the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, Chengdu-Chongqing Region, Guanzhong-Tianshui Region and Central Plains Region have lower urban industrial land-use efficiency and show upward trends in TFP. The extensive use of industrial land, industrial labor surplus and shortage in industrial economic output exist in all six major economic zones of China. Only the Yangtze River Delta has club-convergence, and all the economic zones show the conditional convergence. The estimation results of influence variables show that, in order to raise urban industrial land's TFP, the Yangtze River Delta should reduce the percentage of industrial labor force in total labor force and the percentage of industrial output in total economic output. The Pearl River Delta should raise urbanization rate, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region should raise the industrial level and transfer industrial surplus labor, and the Chengdu-Chongqing Region should also reduce the percentage of industrial labor force in total labor force. The industrial land use intensity should be increased in all the six major economic zones.

Key words: industrial land, economic zone, efficiency, convergence, SBM model, city