Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (6): 980-992.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201506011

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Study on spatial pattern and spatial effect of energy eco-efficiency in China

Wei GUAN1,2(), Shuting XU2   

  1. 1. Research Center for Marine Economy and Sustainable Development, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
    2. School of Urban and Environment, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, Liaoning, China
  • Received:2014-12-15 Revised:2015-04-22 Online:2015-06-20 Published:2015-07-16
  • Supported by:
    The MOE Project of Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences in University, No.14JJD790044;Science and Technology Research Program Supported by the Education Department of Liaoning Province, No.L2013411


Energy eco-efficiency is a concept trying to integrate ecological and economic benefits arising from energy utilization and serves as a measurement of the efficiency in energy-environment-economy system. Based on the SBM model considering undesirable output, this paper first measured the energy eco-efficiency of provinces in China from 1997 to 2012. Then it analyzed the spatial distribution and the evolution of energy eco-efficiency from three aspects—scale, intensity, and grain of spatial patterns; and finally, it verified the spatial spillover effects and the influencing factors of energy eco-efficiency in different provinces by means of spatial econometric model. Conclusions can be drawn as follows: (1) the overall energy eco-efficiency is relatively low in China, of which energy-inefficient areas account for about 40%. Provinces of Guangdong, Hainan, and Fujian enjoy the highest energy eco-efficiency, but provinces of Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, and Xinjiang are representative areas with low efficiency, thus making a U-shaped evolution pattern of China's overall energy eco-efficiency; and in local regions, there are four evolution patterns: increasing, fluctuating, mutating, and leveling. (2) At the provincial level, China's energy eco-efficiency features significant spatial agglomeration globally and locally. High-High agglomeration mainly occurred in the eastern and southern coastal areas, and Low-Low agglomeration, in the northwest and middle reaches of the Yellow River. The change in spatial patterns mainly occurred in areas with High-Low and Low-High agglomeration, and the most remarkable change took place in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region. (3) There exists a significant spatial effect of energy eco-efficiency among provinces of China. For the energy eco-efficiency of a certain region, the spatial spillovers from adjacent regions outweigh the influence of the error impact from adjacent regions. Industrial structure hasgreat influence on the energy eco-efficiency.

Key words: energy eco-efficiency, SBM model, space pattern, spatial econometric model