Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (6): 879-892.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201506003

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Characterizing the spatio-temporal evolution of retail business at transfer hubs of Guangzhou Metro

Weishan CHEN1(), Lin LIU1,2(), Yutian LIANG1   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Center of Integrated Geographic Information Analysis, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Department of Geography, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0131, USA
  • Received:2014-06-11 Revised:2014-12-13 Online:2015-06-20 Published:2015-06-20
  • Supported by:
    National High Technology Research and Development Program of China, No.2013AA122302;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41301112;Scientific Research Fund of Guangdong Provincial Education Department, No.2013KJCX0006

Abstract:

The relationship between urban rail transit development and commercial space evolution is a hot issue in the studies of urban transportation and business geography. The paper aims to provide insights into the macro and micro characteristics and spatio-temporal evolution of retail business at transfer hubs of Guangzhou Metro. The R cluster analysis is used to classify the 14 transfer hubs of the Guangzhou urban rail transit system into different types based on connectivity and surrounding business. The spatio-temporal evolution process and morphological features of retail business space at transfer hubs are examined as well. Furthermore, the influence of interaction between the transportation and commerce on business space at transfer hubs is explored. According to the research, four highlights are unveiled: (1) The business space at transfer hubs of Guangzhou Metro can be classified into four types, namely Gateway, Regional, Hub and Community centers. (2) At the macro-level, the evolution of business space at the transfer hubs experienced three phases: the point clusters (during 1997-2003), surface clusters (during 2004-2008), and radial clusters (during 2009-2012) in the past 16 years. There exists a coupling effect between the spatial expansion of the rail transit network and the growth of business centers from the inner cities to the suburbs. At the initial stage of urban rail transit, the metro system played an important role in boosting the prosperity of Gateway business centers. Later on, the function of rail transportation gradually radiated from downtown to suburban areas. In this radiation process, the metro system has accelerated the development of business construction at the areas with high consumption capacities and also formation of other metro business spaces such as Regional, Hub and Community business centers. (3) At the micro-level, business space at the transfer hubs can be divided into business-oriented and transit-oriented. (4) The influence of interaction between the transportation and commerce on business space at transfer hubs mainly goes as the following four aspects: strengthening the core competitiveness of the Gateway business centers, improving the service levels and functions of the Regional business centers, confining the multi-form operation of the Hub business centers and promoting the formation and development of the Community business centers.

Key words: transfer hub of rail transit, retail business, clustering, spatio-temporal evolution, Guangzhou city