Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (4): 636-649.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201504011

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The role of rural farmland transfer in preventing farmland abandonment in the mountainous areas

Jing'an SHAO1,2(), Shichao ZHANG1,2, Xiubin LI3   

  1. 1. College of Geography and Tourism, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 400047, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Surface Process and Environment Remote Sensing in the Three Gorges Reservoir Area, Chongqing 400047, China
    3. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2014-08-25 Revised:2014-12-21 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-04-20
  • Supported by:
    Funds for International Cooperation and Exchange of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC-IIASA Project), No.41161140352;Humanity and Social Science Youth Foundation of Ministry of Education of China, No.10YJCZH122;Key Project of Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, China, No.210181

Abstract:

Farmland abandonment is a type of land use change in the mountainous areas, and this change is under rapid development. Whether farmland transfer can prevent this process or not and promote the effective allocation of land resources is a question worth studying and discussing. With the help of the previous research findings, the objective of this paper was to find out the role of farmland transfer on mitigating farmland abandonment, by using the multiple view methods with two factors, and single factor correlation analysis. The results showed that: (1) At village level, there was a significant negative correlation between farmland transfer and farmland abandonment, especially for the farmland with high grade farming conditions, which indicated that farmland transfer could prevent the abandonment of farmland with high grade farming conditions. (2) At plot level, the abandonment rate of farmland with high grade farming conditions was significantly lower than that with poor grade farming conditions. Abandoned farmland was mainly the Ⅳ grade farming conditions in the study site. (3) At village level, the role of farming conditions on farmland abandonment was insignificant. The farming condition to the difference of farmland abandonment rate at village level was not obvious. The abandonment of farmland with high farming conditions still existed, which illustrated that farmland transfer, as one of the land rental markets, was still not developed. (4) However, for the villages with higher rate of farmland transfer, there was lower abandonment rate for those high grade farming conditions, which incicated that farmland abandonment was still controlled by the improvement of land rental market. Furthermore, the function of land rental market played an important role in optimizing the utilization of farmland resources. (5) To further improve the marketing degree of land rent, the probability of farmland abandonment could be reduced. Especially, their function to farmland with high grade farming conditions was very obvious, and could avoid the waste of farmland resources with high grade farming conditions.

Key words: land rental market, farmland abandonment, farming conditions, farmland resource optimization, mountainous areas