Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (4): 615-624.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201504009

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The research of coupling rural development and economycluster in Fujian province

Lishan XIAO1,2(), Zhaowu YU1,2, Hong YE1,2, Guoqin ZHANG1,2, Qinghai GUO1,2()   

  1. 1. Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, CAS, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China
    2. Xiamen Key Lab of Urban Metabolism, Xiamen 361021, Fujian, China
  • Received:2014-02-17 Revised:2014-06-03 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-06-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41301621, No.41201155;Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.IUEQN201302;Soft science project of Fujian province, No.2013R0104

Abstract:

China's urbanization has significantly influenced rural areas. This research, taking Fujian province as a study case, focused on rural development and its trend in coastal regions. A rurality index was introduced to measure the level of rural development. Four dimensions of rurality were considered in the index including population size, population density, extent of urban built-up area and remoteness. The results showed that rurality has a significant spatial-temporal variation. Rurality declined from 2000 to 2010. In the spatial scale, rurality increased from southeast to northwest in 2000 and 2010. The spatial pattern was roughly consistent with distribution of landforms in Fujian province. The paper divided economic development into agricultural and non-agricultural types. Economic comparative advantage was evaluated by location quotients, which showed where economic sectors were more strongly represented in particular localities than they were in the province as a whole. The location quotients and their change were used to identify rural economic development. The results showed considerable spatial clusters. We characterized four economic clusters of rural Fujian including non-agricultural mature region, non-agricultural emerging region, agricultural cluster region and traditional agricultural region. The non-agricultural economy was clustered in southeast Fujian where the rurality was the weakest and the economy was well developed. This region was taken as non-agricultural mature region. A non-agricultural economy was emerging in west Fujian, which was non-agricultural emerging region. The two economic clusters, non-agricultural mature and emerging regions, accounted for most of Fujian. Agriculture was clustered in the north of the province, and the traditional agricultural economic region was the smallest. The paper examined the coupling relationship between rurality and location quotients to illustrate characteristics of rural economic clusters. There was a significant positive correlation between rurality and location quotients. The paper finally discussed the emergence and development of a new rural type, the town village. A similar phenomenon of town villages has been observed in other coastal provinces with a high urbanization rate in China. The paper can lay scientific foundation for advancing the combination of the national strategies of new urbanization and new rural construction.

Key words: rurality, location quotients, urbanization, town village, Fujian province