Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (12): 1858-1870.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201412011

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analyzing the characteristics of tourist flows between the scenic spots in inner city based on tourism strategies: A case study in Nanjing

Cheng JIN1,2, Jing XU1,2, Zhenfang HUANG1,2, Fangdong CAO1,2   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
    2. Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2013-11-25 Revised:2014-06-22 Online:2014-12-25 Published:2015-01-24
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41101107;Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China, No.20113207120015;A Project Funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions

Abstract:

Taking Nanjing as a case study, this paper calculates a matrix to describe the flows between scenic spots using data mining of tourism strategies and then systematically analyzes the structures, mechanisms and patterns of the flows. This study has drawn the following conclusions: (1) All the scenic spots form a hierarchy of several levels and the central ones are positioned as a core node on the flow network. Based on the quantity of inflows and outflows, Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum is classified as a diffusion-type spot, Confucius Temple as a clustering-type one and Xinjiekou as a balance-type one. (2) The tourist flows have demonstrated a clear effect of distance decay. The scenic spots in inner city play a dominant role in influencing the overall flow. (3) The pattern of the flows is determined by the interactions between the intensities of inflows, outflows and the origin-destination distance. These flows follow the Wilson model represented as a power function. Compared with the inter-city and intra-city daily flows, the tourist flows between the inner city scenic spots are less sensitive to distance. (4) The primary scenic spots in Nanjing, encompassing the three systems (Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum system, Confucius Temple system and central business district system), can be abstracted into three models: diffusion from a single center, clustering to a single center and balancing between multiple centers. The flow pattern is characterized by the primary flows between core nodes, secondary flows between the core and minor nodes and between the minor nodes, and the tertiary flows between the minor and normal moves and between the normal nodes.

Key words: scenic spot, flow network, tourism strategy, inner city, Nanjing