Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (10): 1459-1472.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201410006

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The research on optimization mode of spatial organization of rural settlements oriented by life quality

Chengli TANG1(), Yanhua HE1, Guohua ZHOU1, Shanshan ZENG2, Luyao XIAO1   

  1. 1. Department of Resources and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    2. Urban and rural planning bureau of Wangcheng district, Changsha 410200, China
  • Received:2014-05-04 Revised:2014-08-08 Online:2014-10-20 Published:2014-12-11
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41471145;National Social Science Foundation of China, No.41201169;The key discipline of Hunan Province Geography Construction Project, No.2011001

Abstract:

This paper introduces the "life quality theory". Based on the two-way interactive mechanism between space of rural settlements and the life quality, the paper researches the optimization mode of spatial organization of rural settlements in three aspects, which are the integration of rural settlement spatial functions, the optimization of spatial structure and the regulation of spatial scale, so as to build optimization mode and framework of spatial organization of rural settlements with high quality life. The study suggests that: (1) The settlement is the spatial carrier of life quality and the life quality is the essential content of settlements. The two mentioned above influence and improve each other. So, the reasonable rural settlement space is the important precondition for higher life quality. (2) The type of spatial function of rural settlements can be divided into livelihood maintaining, industrial developing and quality optimizing, and the optimization of spatial organization of rural settlements oriented by life quality requires promotion of livelihood maintaining, integration of industrial developing and engagement of quality optimizing. (3) There are two important aspects in the optimization of spatial organization of rural settlements. The one is to promote the organic concentration of living space, agricultural space and industrial space, the organic evacuation of social intercourse space, recreational space and services space, and the organic balance of living space, production space and ecological space, in order to realize the reasonable proportion and optimized combination of internal spatial type in settlements. And the other one is to form a functional structure level of "comprehensive village - featured village" and build spatial organization mode of settlements connected by rural roads by switching the location and adjusting the function, with the destruction of underdeveloped villages, the saving of normal villages, the enlargement of important villages, and the construction of new villages. (4) As an ideal mode of rural settlements space optimization oriented by life quality, RROD mode should be built at a rational scale of unit settlement and distance between settlements, leading to an RROD and RROD system with rational structure, auxiliary facility, fully function and well-organized distribution.

Key words: rural settlement, life quality, spatial optimization, RROD model