Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (9): 1259-1267.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201409002

• Orginal Article • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The geopolitical pattern of global climate change and energy security issues

Wentao WANG1,2(), Yanhua LIU1,3(), Hongyuan YU4   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    2. The Administrative Centre for China's Agenda 21, Beijing 100038, China
    3. Counselors' Office of the State Council, Beijing 100006, China
    4. Shanghai Institutes for International Studies, Shanghai 200233, China
  • Received:2014-06-16 Revised:2014-07-25 Online:2014-09-17 Published:2014-11-19

Abstract:

Currently, the problem of climate change is already far beyond the category of scientific research, and it affects the economic operation mode, interests pattern and geographical relations, and has become the focus of international relations. During the transition period of the international economic and social development and the critical transformation period of the world geopolitical pattern reorganization, China’s industrialization is still at the mid-stage, and tackling with climate change is also China's internal demand under this development stage. With more influences of climate change on national competitiveness, and the Middle East, central Asia, north important geo-strategic region, climate change and geopolitics present complex multiple relations, and climate change in the era of geopolitics gradually has affected the national strategy and diplomacy. This report illustrates the new geopolitics characteristics of climate change from the interests and the game, and puts forward relevant policy suggestions: (1) Weigh the interests, handle the complex relations of power, and negotiate between the European Union group and the umbrella group led by the United States; (2) Strengthen risk assessments, actively carry out cooperation on energy, climate change with the United States and the European Union; (3) Rely on the "One Belt (Silk Road Economic Belt) and One Road (21st Century Maritime Silk Road)" to ensure our energy security, and actively participate in global energy governance; (4) Innovate the "south-south cooperation" mechanism, and increase the investment; (5) Promote economic and energy restructuring and transformation in China to build the international competitiveness in the future. Finally, the research directions in climate change and energy security issues are proposed for Geography, which should be strengthened.

Key words: climate change, energy, geopolitics, global governance, national development strategy