Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (10): 1367-1379.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201310006

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Administrative adjustment of Xinjiang in multiple perspectives

YANG Yu1, DONG Wen2, LIU Yi1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China
  • Received:2012-12-17 Revised:2013-06-19 Online:2013-10-20 Published:2013-11-20
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40901092

Abstract: The reform of administrative division in Xinjiang has been lagging behind the whole country and behind its economic development affected by urban development and national policies. Under the background of supporting development of Xinjiang, adjustment and optimization of the administrative divisions have important implications for its economic and social development. Based on different prior principles, we carry out different schemes as follows. (1) Under the transport principle, it is very important to build the main traffic corridor and establish distribution center and transportation hub which can optimize the functional organization in the oasis area. (2) Viewed from the economic principle, the oasis area can be seen as relatively homogeneous space. It is important to strengthen the basic functions of the central city that can play a leading role in the oasis. (3) Under the principle of functional zone, we should consider the development of cities and towns in Xinjiang constrained by natural conditions and the eco-environment. Adjustment of administrative divisions should be conducive to the realization of the main geographical functions and sustainable regional development. (4) Programs which focus on different principles can lead to different conclusions. The common point at different principles will have priority to adjustment. The cities that need to be adjusted for a principle can be combined with national strategy, regional stability and economic development situation and so on.

Key words: Xinjiang, transport principle, economic principle, functional zone principle, administrative division