Forest is a kind of tourism landscape resources with ecological aesthetic value, and forest village is an important type of countryside. It is of great significance to scientifically understand the spatial distribution characteristics and influencing factors of national forest village for the construction of rural ecological civilization, the sustainable development of rural tourism and the implementation of rural revitalization goals.The first batch of 3947 national forest villages in China were taken as the research objects in this study. The spatial distribution characteristics of national forest village were analyzed by mathematical statistics and ArcGIS spatial analysis technology. The influencing factors were examined by using Geodetector. The results are summarized as follows: (1) The spatial distribution of national forest villages was a typical agglomeration type and the overall distribution was unbalanced with “Hu Line” as the obvious boundary, showing the distribution characteristics of "dense in the east while sparse in the west." (2) The spatial distribution of national forest villages also displayed as "multi-core agglomeration and contiguous distribution," forming three high-density contiguous areas with the widest radiation range: the Taihang Mountains in the border area of Henan, Shanxi, and Hebei, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Anhui intersecting area, and Guangdong, Jiangxi, and Fujian intersecting area. (3) Landform, river, Endowment of forest resources, population scale, economic development level, and transportation location were the main influencing factors of the national forest villages spatial distribution. Influenced by natural environmental factors and socioeconomic factors, national forest villages were mainly distributed in plain and hilly areas, areas with dense river networks, areas with high forest coverage rate, and more developed areas with dense population and advanced transportation.