ECOTOURISM ›› 2021, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (3): 315-331.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20210026

• Special Issue: Theoretical Frontiers and Academic Innovation of Rural Tourism Research in the New Era • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research review on the rural reconstruction influenced by tourism

LU Song1(), LIU Junmei1, RAO Xiaofang1, ZHANG Hai2   

  1. 1. College of Environmental and Geographic Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
    2. College of Tourism, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2021-03-16 Revised:2021-06-17 Online:2021-06-28 Published:2021-08-30

Abstract:

Rural reconstruction has become an important topic and development trend of the research in rural areas in China and abroad. Besides, rural tourism is regarded as an effective path to advance rural economy, and an important driving force for rural reconstruction. Using CiteSpace knowledge map visualization software, this paper systematically summarized relevant literature on rural restructuring influenced by tourism in China and abroad. This paper demonstrated this issue from three aspects: spatial restructuring, economic restructuring, and social restructuring. The purpose of this paper is to provide theoretical support for the integrated development of new urbanization and rural strategy in China. The results show that: (1) Rural spatial reconstruction influenced by tourism can be manifested in three aspects: the change of rural land use, the reconstruction of village and town system, and the reconstruction of the spatial pattern of "ecology, production, and livelihood" in rural areas. (2) Rural economic reconstruction influenced by tourism was mainly shown from two aspects: the change of economic industrial structure and the transformation of residents' livelihood pattern. (3) The improvement of rural governance and the reconstruction of rural culture were the two main aspects in rural social reconstruction research. Moreover, this paper discussed the theoretical basis of rural reconstruction influenced by tourism based on spatial production theory and actor network theory. Finally, the prospect of future research in this field was put forward including tourism motivation, comparison of different types and cases of tourism impetus, and integration of new urbanization and rural revitalization strategies.

Key words: Rural reconstruction, rural tourism, tourism-driven, multi-dimensional reconstruction, literature review