ECOTOURISM ›› 2021, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (3): 375-385.doi: 10.12342/zgstly.20210020

• Special Issue: Theoretical Frontiers and Academic Innovation of Rural Tourism Research in the New Era • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Spatial response and protection behavior decision in rural settlements of tourism: A case study in Wolong Village of Chaling County

TANG Weibing1(), FU Lihua1,*(), XIE Mei1, WANG Kun2   

  1. 1. Hunan University of Technology, Zhuzhou 412007, China
    2. School of Economics and Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Weihai 264209, China
  • Received:2021-02-21 Revised:2021-06-15 Online:2021-06-28 Published:2021-08-30
  • Contact: FU Lihua E-mail:twb62079@163.com;lihuaf88@163.com

Abstract:

Ecological space is an important functional space of tourism rural settlements, and the change of spatial pattern is a response to the interaction between space and behavior, which also leads to the difference in decision-making of different behavioral subjects. Wolong village in Chaling County was selected as a case study, PRA (Participatory Rural Assessment) and remote sensing data application was combined to conduct from spatial inversion with spatial pattern of rural settlements, and conduct preference and behavioral decision analysis of relevant protection subjects. The result shows that the total amount of ecological space occupied after the development of rural tourism was significantly higher than all of the previous 40 years. The overall relocation of villagers' settlements and the construction of tourism facilities were the main reasons for the expansion of ecological space occupied. With the development of rural tourism, the decision-making preference values of the ecological protection behavior of the actors are generally improved and also shown differences. The development of tourism and the change of residents' life style are the leading factors for the change of ecological protection behavior decisions of different agent, and also reflect with the spatial evolution of settlements. According to the decision-making preferences of different actors, different spatial control measures are proposed. This study will provide some reference for tourism rural planning and give a case practice of combining territorial space use control with ecological protection behavior.

Key words: spatial inversion of rural settlements, ecological conservation, spatial response, behavior decision, tourism village