Acta Geographica Sinica ›› 2011, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (10): 1299-1308.doi: 10.11821/xb201110001

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Industrial Distribution and Clusters of Urban Office Space in Beijing

ZHANG Jingqiu1, CHEN Yelong2   

  1. 1. College of Arts and Sciences of Beijing Union University, Beijing 100191, China;
    2. Yangzhou Urban Planning and Research Center, Yangzhou 225002, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2011-04-28 Revised:2011-07-28 Online:2011-10-20 Published:2011-10-20
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40771063, 40871079

Abstract: The study on the industrial structure of urban office space helps to understand the formation of spatial structure of economic activities. We select 594 office buildings as the study samples. The location data of the samples are selected from 1921 office buildings that the research group gathered for two consecutive years by using Trimble Juno SB handheld GPS in six districts of Beijing. Most of the industrial attribute data came from e-Buy Data Information Company, and the rest of them came from the questionnaire and telephone interviews done by the research group. Using spatial analysis methods such as buffer analysis and Ripley's K (d) functions, we analyze the distribution of office industries and spatial clusters in which the office activities have gradually replaced the manufacturing activities in urban economic transformation. Furthermore, the study tries to reveal the spatial structure of economic activities in inner city of Beijing as follows. (1) Generally speaking, the choice of office industry location has obvious centrality in Beijing. Its company and employment density show a decreasing trend from inside to outside, which accords to the circle structure with Tiananmen Square as the center as well as 5 km, 10 km and 15 km as the radius buffer zones. (2) There is a significant difference in the spatial distribution of the industry, featured by "east higher and west lower". The high function area in the city has strong ability to attract employees. The spatial distribution patterns are generally identified in three modes of concentration. Wholesale and retail, social services and technology services present a "large scatter, large cluster" mode, namely, many companies cluster in the hotspots and the range is wide. Transportation and financial sectors have a "small scatter, large cluster" mode, that is, spatial distribution of the large companies show relative concentration and form a wider range of concentration hotspots. The construction, real estate, education and culture industries have a "large scatter, small cluster" mode. (3) The trend of spatial industrial concentration is similar, showing the way of increasing first and then decreasing as an inverted "U"-shaped structure. Owing to the different spatial scales, the office location of social services and wholesale and retail have the largest range of options; the financial industries gather in a specific area, and their location range options are small; transportation, storage and postal industries have a trend to a significant traffic location. The companies with higher absorptive capacity of employment in various office buildings tend to be located along the lines of communication. Thus, transportation condition is still an important factor affecting office location choice. In addition, different concentration features of the office sectors at various scales reflect the differences of selected range of office location.

Key words: office space, industrial distribution, cluster features, spatial analysis, Beijing