地理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (5): 622-630.doi: 10.11821/xb200105013

• 论文 • 上一篇    

陈传康的学术生命路径和学术树

吴必虎   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2001-04-06 修回日期:2001-05-25 出版日期:2001-09-15 发布日期:2001-09-15

Life Path and Discipline Tree of Professor Chen Chuankang

WU Bi hu   

  1. Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2001-04-06 Revised:2001-05-25 Online:2001-09-15 Published:2001-09-15

摘要: 通过扩展传统的生命路径 ( life path)概念、并建立学术树 ( discipline tree)概念,研究已故当代中国著名地理学家、旅游学家陈传康教授的学术史。在统计了陈传康教授全部 1 2 1 2种次的学术著述的基础上,首先在时间纬度上建立了学术生命路径曲线、系统式和时序式生命路径表,用以统计分析陈传康教授的学术论著种次的分布情况和变迁过程,一方面反映出著作量随中国当代历史的脉动而出现的起伏变化,另一方面通过观察时间轴上这些著述的学科点的分布变化,不仅体现 2 0世纪 5 0年代~ 90年代陈传康学术偏好的转徙,也反映出 5 0年间中国地理学整体的变化轨迹。利用学术树的概念,统计分析陈传康一生构筑的个人学术体系,最终勾勒出其一生经营的学术群落的整体景观。

关键词: 陈传康, 学术生命路径, 学术树, 地理学思想史

Abstract: It has been approved that life path and discipline tree techniques developed by time geographers are an effective method to examine academic thoughts and related activity characteristics for scientists, especially for those geographers who have rich time space path and traveling experiences in their lives. The author of this paper considered the technique suitable to observe personal experiences of Professor CHEN Chuan kang (1931~1997), the former vice president of the Geographical Society of China and a faculty of Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University who had rich travel records, wide territories of research interests, and plenty of academic writings in his life span of 66 years. On the statistical basis of all his 1212 papers and books, the author firstly analyzed distributions of all works from the temporary dimension, which not only reflected changes of the number of Chen’s works with fluctuant evolutions of modern Chinese society, but also reflected the changes of the academic disciplines themselves. This kind of disciplinary shifts demonstrated both transformation of personal research interests of Professor Chen and transformation of the whole geographical development in China for about fifty years from the 1950s to 1990s. Secondly, using the concept of "discipline tree", the author checked Chen’s personal academic system, from both perspectives of disciplinary territories Chen had touched and evolutional process of these disciplines during Chen’s time, which could figure out an entire landscape of the professional experience of Chen’s creations to scientific knowledge.

Key words: Chen Chuankang, life path, discipline tree, history of geographical thoughts

中图分类号: 

  • K826.1