地理学报 ›› 1985, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (3): 207-214.doi: 10.11821/xb198503002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

从大地湾的遗存试论我国农业的源流

冯绳武   

  1. 兰州大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1985-07-15 发布日期:1985-07-15

ORIGIN OF CHINESE AGRICULTURE AS VIEWED FROM DADIWAN CULTURAL RELICS

Feng Shengwu   

  1. Department of Geography, Lanzhou University
  • Online:1985-07-15 Published:1985-07-15

摘要: 近年来,由于在杭州湾两岸和太湖周围的河姆渡和罗家角新石器时代遗址中发现种植水稻的事实,证明我国南方是稻作起源地之一。以陇山为中心的陇中黄土高原位于泾、渭河上游,它也是研究中华民族农业文化起源与发展方面值得注意的地区之一。

关键词: 大地湾一, 清水河, 遗存, 新石器, 大地湾遗址, 我国农业, 谷地, 源流, 文化层, 农业文化

Abstract: Recently, the No. 1-period Dadiwan cultural relics were found on the second terrace at the Qingshui River Valley, central Loess Plateau. By 14C dating the dates of the relics were between 7800-7355(?165) B.P., i.e., about 1000 years earlier than Banpo type of the Yangshao culture.Moreover, carbonated seeds of grains were found in the No. 1-period ash pit. They were ascertained to be the earliest crops of dry farming in China.One of the earliest agriculture of China is considered originating in the Qingshui River Valley of the Jinghe River and the Weihe River drainage. Then it expanded, ra-diately, to the Guanzhong basin, Huanghe River Delta, Changjiang River drainage, southward to the Zhujiang River Delta and the Guangxi Basin, northeast ward to the Song-liao Plain and northwest ward through the Hexi Corridor to the Xingjiang oases.