地理学报 ›› 1984, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 17-19.doi: 10.11821/xb198401003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

竺可桢先生对北大地理系的关怀

林超, 王恩涌   

  1. 北京大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1984-01-15 发布日期:1984-01-15

DR. CHU KO-CHEN AND THE DEPARTMENT OFGEOGRAPHY AT PEKING UNIVERSITY

Lin Chao, Wang En-yong   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking University
  • Online:1984-01-15 Published:1984-01-15

摘要: 竺可桢先生是我国近代杰出的科学家和教育家,对我国近代的科学与教育,有卓越的贡献。在科学方面,他进行了大量的研究和著述,成为我国近代地理学和气象学的奠基人。他还创立和领导我国地理学和气象学的研究机构,为我国的科学事业建立了坚实的基础。在教育方面,他亲自讲课,编写教材,创立了我国高等学校最早的地理系。

关键词: 地理系, 竺可桢, 北大, 地理学者, 自然地理, 地质地理, 竺可帧, 林超, 气象学, 招生

Abstract: In geographical circle Dr. Chu Ko-chen is well known as a great teacher, an eminent scholar, head of various scientific institutions and president of the Geographical Society of China for more than twenty years. But his service and influence on the development of geography in China far exceeded his professional capacities. One of the examples was his care and help to the Department of Geography at Peking University.Since he came to Beijing in 1950 he gave continual help and guidance to the department. The department had its origin as a section in the Department of Earth Sciences at Tsin Hua University. In 1950, just after the Liberation, the Geographical Section was very small with a staff of only four teachers and fifteen students. Dr. Chu helped to strengthen the teaching staff by recommending a new professor. During the period of restructuring of higher education he was instrumental in the founding of the new Department of Geography at Peking University. Towards the end of the fifties during the Great Leap, among the leading members of the staff, there was a tendency to over-emphasize the importance of mathematics, physics and chemistry and to reduce geographical courses. Dr. Chu advised in time that geograpical subjects should remain the focus of a geographical department. His advice helped to rectify the tendency and retain the geographical subjects.Towards the end of the Cultural Revolution, how to meet the need of the nation became a prerequisite for the recovery of the department. When the advice of Dr. Chu was sought he pointed out that environmental protection would be a suitable subject for the department of geography His advice was adopted by the University and approved by the Ministry of Education. It not only paved the way for the recovery of the department but was also followed by the departments of other universities. Thus it opened up new vistas for the development of geography in China.In retrospect we owe much to the wisdom and guidance of Dr. Chu for the development of the Department of Geography at Peking University which has now become one of the important centre for the training of geographers in China.