地理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 262-272.doi: 10.11821/xb198303006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

从经济地理角度评价中国的经济特区

朱剑如, 吴仁德   

  1. 香港中文大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1983-07-15 发布日期:1983-07-15

AN ECONOMIC-GEOGRAPHIC APPRAISAL OF THE CHINESE SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES

Zhu Jian-ru, Wu Ren-de   

  1. The Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • Online:1983-07-15 Published:1983-07-15

摘要: 关于我国经济特区的建设是海外侨胞十分关心的问题,香港中文大学朱剑如、吴仁德二先生特撰文投寄本刊,我们欢迎港澳学者对这一问题进行研究并提出建议,以利于吸引外资,促进国际合作,对特区建设作出贡献。我们认为本文有一定参考价值,除略加节删外,均按原文文体刊出。

关键词: 出口加工区, 经济地理, 港澳, 珠海经济特区, 汕头经济特区, 厦门经济特区, 深圳经济特区, 平方, 香港, 中国经济特区

Abstract: The four special economic zones so far set up In china Lave varied backgrounds which affect their growth. Three groups of factors are identified for appraising the growth potential of the special economic zones, viz. proximity to an international trading city, kinship con-nections with the overseas Chinese, and factors of production and transportation. The Shen-zhen SEZ seems to be in a most advantageous position because of its proximity to Hong Kong, an important financial centre, the third container port in the world, an industrial city and a huge market. It has good transportation links with Guangzhou and Hong Kong, but its port at Shekou is less than satisfactory for its limited draught. This can only be re-medied by the completion of the deep-water berths at Chiwan. The poor infrastructure of Shenzhen presents another problem, for it is difficult to expand its infrastructure of fast enough to keep pace witr its rapidly growing industry and population. The Zhuhai SEZ is relatively poorly located. Macau, the city next to it, is much less prosperous than Hong Kong. In respect of transportation, it is only connected with Guangzhou by a third class road. It has no deep-water port except a shallow one. It has little infrastructure to support rapid growth. Yet its potential for tourism seems rather promising. Shantou is a city with abundant supply of skilled labour and sound light industrial infrastructure. Quite a num-ber of overseas Chinese now residing in Hong Kong, Macau and particularly Thailand are from this general1 area. The Shantou SEZ thus has been endowed with plentiful supply of production. The only deficiencies are its limited electricity supply and the absence of ra-ilway connections. Xiamen, in many respects similar to Shantou, but its transportation links are far better than Srantou. A deep draught port is under construction and its air-port is to be expanded. It is also well served by rail transport. Indeed, its transport reso-urce is the best among the four Chinese special economic zones. Judging from existing con-ditions and in terms of their potentiality for investment, the four zones are ranked as follows: Shenzhen, Xiamen, Shantou and Zhuhai.