地理学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (6): 960-973.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201706002

• 生态环境与生态系统服务 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态系统服务权衡研究进展:从认知到决策

彭建1,2(), 胡晓旭1, 赵明月1, 刘焱序1, 田璐2   

  1. 1. 北京大学城市与环境学院 地表过程分析与模拟教育部重点实验室,北京 100871
    2. 北京大学深圳研究生院城市规划与设计学院 城市人居环境科学与技术重点实验室,深圳 518055
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-05 修回日期:2017-04-28 出版日期:2017-06-25 发布日期:2017-07-13
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:彭建(1976-), 男, 四川彭州人, 副教授, 主要从事景观生态与土地利用、生态系统综合评估研究。E-mail: jianpeng@urban.pku.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41322004)

Research progress on ecosystem service trade-offs: From cognition to decision-making

Jian PENG1,2(), Xiaoxu HU1, Mingyue ZHAO1, Yanxu LIU1, Lu TIAN2   

  1. 1. Laboratory for Earth Surface Process, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environment Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
    2. Key Laboratory for Environmental and Urban Sciences, School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2017-01-05 Revised:2017-04-28 Online:2017-06-25 Published:2017-07-13
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41322004

摘要:

作为沟通自然生态系统与人类社会的重要桥梁,生态系统服务一直以来都是地理学、生态学等学科的研究前沿和热点。正确认知生态系统服务之间的关系,是开展多种生态系统服务可持续管理决策的前提,有助于人类福祉的全面提升。本文通过厘定生态系统服务权衡的概念内涵,梳理了生态系统服务权衡的空间、时间和可逆性特征,将多层次人类福祉的满足作为权衡的最终目标,视生态补偿为权衡决策的基本保障途径。生态系统服务权衡关系的识别依托于定量指标法和综合模型法,且权衡关系可能随时空尺度的推移发生改变;情景分析与多目标分析是生态系统服务权衡决策的有效手段。生态系统服务权衡多尺度关联、生态系统服务流与远程耦合、生态系统服务消费与生态补偿,成为当前生态系统服务权衡研究的重点方向。

关键词: 生态系统服务, 权衡, 服务流, 生态补偿, 远程耦合, 多尺度关联

Abstract:

As a hot spot in geography, ecology and related disciplines, ecosystem services have been playing a vital role in bridging the human society with the ecosystem. A deep understanding of the relationship among ecosystem services is a critical enabling factor for sustainable management and decision-making in multiple ecosystem services, in turn realizing the dual goals of economic development and ecological protection and thus contributing to the overall wellbeing of human. Through a systematic review of the concept of ecosystem service trade-offs, this article explores their characteristics in terms of spatial scales, temporal scales and reversibility, considering human's wellbeing at different levels as the ultimate goal of ecosystem service trade-offs and ecological compensation as a baseline method of protection in trade-offs. Such ecosystem services trade-offs are expressed by quantitative indexing and integrated modelling. While such trade-offs and synergies among ecosystem services could present significant variations by spatial and temporal scales, scenario simulation and multi-objective analysis are effective ways to support decision-making in ecosystem service trade-offs. Based on these findings, the multi-scale correlation of ecosystem service trade-offs, the flow of ecosystem service based on telecoupling, and the consumption and compensation of ecosystem services are identified to be the main directions for future research on ecosystem service trade-offs.

Key words: ecosystem services, trade-offs, ecosystem service flow, ecological compensation, telecoupling, multi-scale correlation