地理学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (4): 551-563.doi: 10.11821/dlxb201604002

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近20年国际地缘政治学的研究进展

宋涛1,2, 陆大道1,2, 梁宜1,3, 王倩1,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心,昆明650500;
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-05 发布日期:2020-05-22
  • 作者简介:宋涛(1983-), 男, 山西太原人, 博士, 助理研究员, 中国地理学会会员(S110010078M), 主要研究方向为地缘政治、区域可持续发展。E-mail: songtao@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41530634, 41530751); 云南省中国西南地缘环境与边疆发展协同创新中心开放课题; 中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院重大咨询项目(Y02015001)

Research progress of international geopolitics, 1996-2015

SONG Tao1,2, LU Dadao1,2, LIANG Yi1,3, WANG Qian1,3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development,Kunming 650500, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-04-05 Published:2020-05-22
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41530634, No.41530751; Foundation of Collaborative Innovation Center for Geopolitical Setting of Southwest China and Borderland Development; Key Consulting Project of the Chinese Academy of Science and Technology Strategic Consulting, No.Y02015001]

摘要: 地缘政治学以地理的视角探讨国际关系,极大地影响了世界政治发展历程。全球化、信息化的浪潮中,地缘政治在国际舞台复兴,成为全球格局解读和政策制定的重要学科。科学认识和总结国际地缘政治学最新发展是推进学科发展的前提。以Web of Science 中地缘政治的学术论文为依据,借助于科学计量工具,系统回顾了1996-2015 年地缘政治学的发展脉络,揭示了地缘政治学发展的基本规律,剖析了国际地缘政治学的重点研究领域和研究转向。从文献计量统计分析来看,近年来在政治地理及地理学相关期刊发表的论文数量不断增加;地缘政治全球高引用文章重点关注了国家与边境的地缘政治诠释、批判性地缘政治学、情感地缘政治、女性主义地缘政治等主题。在上述分析的基础上,重点回顾了边境与领土空间、全球化下的地缘文化与经济、热点区域与中国模式、资源冲突与生态政治、价值情感与文化的地缘政治学分支领域研究趋势。通过文献系统回顾发现,国际地缘政治学的研究出现了如下趋势:后冷战时代中,国家、边境等仍为地缘政治的核心研究方向;地缘政治在进一步强调地理重要性的同时,也出现了向批判性地缘政治,尤其是从人本主义(情感地缘政治、女性地缘政治)对传统地缘政治进行反思的转变。最后提出,中国地缘政治界应强化地理空间与尺度的重要性,采用叙述、 过程等多元方法,并融入人本主义的思想,来进一步丰富地缘政治研究的理论与实践。

关键词: 地缘政治学, 学科发展, 科学计量学, 国际研究进展

Abstract: Geopolitics, which conducts research on the international relations in view of geographies, exerts powerful influences on the course of conomic and political development in the world. In the tide of globalization and information technology, the geopolitics has become an important ubject of global pattern interpretation and policy making. It is important to have a scientific and systematic review on latest development of nternational geopolitics for promoting the development of this discipline. Based on the bibliometric statistics, the paper reviews the research development of geopolitics based on data from the Web of Science during 1996-2015. The history, journals, papers and key research areas of geopolitics are revealed in this paper. By the analysis of bibliometric statistics, we found that the number of papers recently published in the journals of political geography and related geography continues to increase. The key areas of geopolitical papers which are global highly cited include geopolitical interpretation of the countries and the borders, critical geopolitics, emotional eopolitics, feminism geopolitics and other topics. Before 2000, the states and the borders are hot topics of the geopolitical research. Since 2000, it is of great significance that the geopolitics should be placed in the context of geographical implications. At the same time, critical geopolitics tends to be the main area of geopolitical research, especially the shifts from traditional geopolitics to the humanism (such as emotional geopolitics, feminism geopolitics). The paper then systematically reviews the branch trends of geopolitical research, including the borders and the territory, global geo- culture and geo- economics, Chinese models of geopolitics, resource conflicts and ecological politics, emotional geopolitics. Finally, it puts forward that Chinese geopolitical studies should reinforce the importance of geographical space and scale, use the process of description and multiple methods, as well as integrate humanistic thoughts, to further enrich the theories and practices of geopolitical research.

Key words: geopolitics, discipline development, scientometrics, international research progress